About Education

The Japanese education system depends heavily on private funding and, while secondary schools are of a good standard, tertiary education is losing ground at an international level. There is a close correlation between family income and academic results, as wealthier families can afford the fees of “cram schools”, or juku, offering after-school classes to improve students’ knowledge.

Better test scores mean better chances of passing university and college entrance exams. Having a tertiary education diploma gives access to regular work and thus a more stable and higher income.

These factors increase disparity in education, making overseas studies more attractive in recent years, especially with government initiatives to internationalise Japan’s baccalaureate qualification and adapt its term dates. For Japan to maintain the competitiveness of its workers in terms of qualifications, the system must be internationalised. Japan is now one of the top host countries for foreign students but still has a low number of outbound students, most of whom travel abroad to learn English.

Table of Contents

  • Expenditure
  • Governance
  • Term Dates
  • Education System
  • Early Childhood Education and Care
  • Primary and Secondary Schools
  • Tertiary Education
  • Teachers
  • Juku (Cram School)
  • Reducing Inequality in Education
  • International Education
    • International Students
    • International Baccalaureate
    • Semester Issue
    • Japanese Students Abroad
  • Annual Report
  • Further Reading
  • Relevant Organisations and Trade Fairs